Origin Of Chambal River
The Chambal River is a tributary of the Yamuna River in central India. The river flows north-northeast through Madhya Pradesh, running for a time through Rajasthan, then forming the boundary between Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh before turning southeast to join the Yamuna in Uttar Pradesh state. It is a perennial river and originates at Manpura, south of Mhow town, near Indore, on the south slope of the Vindhya Range in Madhya Pradesh. The Chambal and its tributaries drain the Malwa region of northwestern Madhya Pradesh, while its tributary, the Banas, which rises in the Aravalli Range, drains southeastern Rajasthan. The Chambal ends a confluence of five rivers, including the Chambal, Kwari, Yamuna, Sind, Pahuj, at Pachnada near Bhareh in Uttar Pradesh state, at the border of Bhind and Etawah districts.
National Chambal (Gharial) Wildlife Sanctuary
The Chambal River remains one of North India's most unpolluted rivers, home to a rich diversity of flora and fauna. National Chambal (Gharial) Wildlife Sanctuary is famous for the rare Ganges river dolphin. The sanctuary was founded in 1978 and is part of a large area co-administered by Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, within area of 5,400 km2. Approximately 400 km of the river is within the reserve. Apart from the Ganges river dolphin, the other inhabitants of the sanctuary include magar (crocodile) and gharial (Gavialis gangeticus). Migratory birds from Siberia form its rich avian fauna. In November 2007, Officials and rangers of the Uttar Pradesh Forest Department released 40 alligators into the River to increase the number of endangered species of alligators.
Gandhi Sagar dam
The Gandhi Sagar dam is the first of the four dams built on the Chambal river. It is located in the Mandsaur district of Madhya Pradesh. It is a 64 metre high masonry gravity dam, with a live storage capacity of 6,920 Mm2 and a catchment area of 22,584 km2. The dam was completed in the year 1960. The hydro-power station comprises five generating units of 23 MW capacity each. The water released after power generation is utilised for irrigation through Kota Barrage.
Rana Pratap Sagar dam
Rana Pratap Sagar dam, situated 52 km downstream of Gandhi Sagar Dam, is constructed across the river Chambal in Rajasthan. This straight masonry gravity structure has a height of 54 m. The power house, located on the left side of the spillway, has 4 units. With a live storage capacity of 1,566 Mm3, the dam has a total catchment area of 24,864 sq km.
Jawahar Sagar Dam
Jawahar Sagar Dam, built across the Chambal River, is located about 35 km from Kota. Built in 1972, this concrete gravity dam, 45 meter high and 393 m long, generates about 60 MW of power. The total catchment area of the dam is about 27,195 sq km.